The treatment uses a chemical solution to dissolve skin layers and stimulates healthy cell regeneration and rejuvenation. The solution is applied by a specialist on the surface of the skin-usually the face, back, or chest area and remains there for a predetermined period of time. The chemicals in the solution gradually dissolve the dead skin cells that rest on the surface of the skin, and deeper peels can go beyond that to eliminate deeper layers as well. Once the application process of the solution has been completed, the clinician will remove any remaining solution. These chemicals are also called exfoliating or wounding agents.
Chemical skin peels are relatively painless for most patients. Milder surface peels produce a minor tingling sensation as the solution goes to work, while deeper peels use solutions that have a secondary anesthetic effect. This means that the solution used in deeper peels will numb the skin as it works, preventing discomfort during the process.
The treatment provides high-quality results when it is used in conjunction with other treatments. The procedure helps in improving:
- Sun spots
- Wrinkles and fine lines
- Acne scars
- Uneven skin tone or texture
- Sun damage
- Lesions and growth on skin
A number of different chemical skin peels are available today, with each offering a different type of chemical solution for the skin. The choice of the chemical depends on the treatment that is required. A good cosmetic specialist will recommend the suitable peel that will help treat the skin problem. The widely used types are:
- Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) Peels
- Glycolic Acid Peels
- Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA) Peels
- Phenol Peels
It is important to consult a cosmetic surgeon before getting a chemical skin peel treatment. The goal of the procedure is to restore and improve texture and appearance of skin. In planning the treatment, the doctor will consider many things, including skin type, actual problem, skin sensitivity and general health. The doctor and his team will then provide with necessary information to help in understanding the procedure.