The top most layer of the skin is the stratum corneum that acts as a barrier between the lower skin layers and the outside environment. This layer is where fine wrinkles, blemishes and skin imperfections occur. When one applies lotions to the skin, only part of the moisture penetrates to the lower layer. Microdermabrasion treatments are non surgical and rejuvenate and freshen the facial skin and take place at the stratum corneum level. This is a less aggressive approach as opposed to dermabrasion as the beauty therapist uses an abrasive instrument that gently sands the skin, removing uneven and thicker outer layers. There are two different types of treatments; one is using a diamond tipped wand and the other a handheld device.
Microdermabrasion is used to treat sun damage and discolouration, to lessen the appearance of wrinkle and fine lines and treat light scarring as well as other skin conditions. This technique helps the collagen which is a protein in the skin to thicken which leaves one with a much younger looking complexion. As we age, collagen production lessens which results in uneven and lose skin. This procedure is suitable for people with mild acne, superficial acne scars, sallow or dull skin, pick marks and acne discoloration. People that have deep acne scars may have to have a series of treatments or opt for surgical dermabrasion or laser resurfacing.
There is no specific sex or age restriction, and children over the age of twelve up to adults aged 70 can have this procedure done. However, people over the age of 70 may experience problems such as skin abrasions or bruising. Children that are younger than twelve can have treatments, although it is recommended that it be done under the supervision of a plastic surgeon or dermatologist.